Common Names: Norway spruce, bird's nest spruce
Norway spruce is a large, fast-growing evergreen coniferous tree growing 35 to 55 m tall and with a trunk diameter of 1 to 1.5 m. It can grow fast when young, up to 1 m per year for the first 25 years under good conditions, but becomes slower once over 20 m tall. The shoots are orange-brown and glabrous (hairless). The leaves are needle-like with blunt tips, 12 to 24 mm long, quadrangular in cross-section (not flattened), and dark green on all four sides with inconspicuous stomatal lines. The seed cones are 9 to 17 cm long (the longest of any spruce), and have bluntly to sharply triangular-pointed scale tips. They are green or reddish, maturing brown 5 to 7 months after pollination. The seeds are black, 4 to 5 mm long, with a pale brown 15-millimeter wing.
It is used as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens. It is also widely planted for use as a Christmas tree.