Common Names: Eastern hognose snake, eastern hog-nosed snake, spreading adder, deaf adder
A harmless colubrid species endemic to North America. When threatened, the neck is flattened and the head is raised off the ground, not unlike a cobra. They also hiss and will strike, but they do not attempt to bite. The result can be likened to a high speed head-butt. If this threat display does not work to deter a would-be predator, a hognose snakes will often roll onto its back and play dead, going so far as to emit a foul musk from its cloaca and let its tongue hang out of its mouth. Adults average 28 inches in total length (body + tail), with females being larger than males. The most distinguishing feature is the upturned snout, used for digging in sandy soils. The color pattern is extremely variable. Its color can be red, green, orange, brown, gray to black, or any combination thereof depending on locality. They can be blotched, checkered, or patternless. The belly tends to be a solid gray, yellow, or cream-colored. In this species the underside of the tail is lighter than the belly. These snakes are considered rear-fanged, but not venomous, instead having a toxic saliva, but is not considered harmful to humans.
Found in forests.