Common Names: Fringed violet, sand violet
Sub-category: Violet family
Syn, Viola sagittata var. ovata. A perennial plant, consists of a rosette of basal leaves about 5 inches across. The blade of each basal leaf is about 2 inches long and 0.75 inches across; it is oval to ovate-oblong, crenate and ciliate along the margins, and more or less hairy, especially along the lower surface. The bottom of each leaf blade has tiny basal lobes that are rounded or bluntly pointed, while the tip of the leaf blade is rather blunt and obtuse. The leaf blade may fold upward along its central vein. The stout petiole of each leaf is green to reddish brown and hairy; it is as long as the leaf blade or a little shorter. From the center of the rosette, there develops one or stalks of flowers up to 6 inches long. These stalks develop directly from the rootstock; they are reddish purple and either glabrous or hairy. Each of these stalks is naked, except for a pair of tiny leaf-like bracts near the middle. At the apex of each stalk, there is a single flower about 0.75 inches across. It consists of 5 green sepals and 5 blue-violet petals consisting of 2 upper lateral petals, 2 lower lateral petals, and a bottom petal. The sepals are lanceolate and glabrous or hairy. The lower lateral petals have conspicuous white hairs near the throat of the flower. The bottom petal is white at the base and it has dark blue-violet lines that function as nectar guides for visiting insects.
The blooming period occurs from mid- to late spring and lasts about a month. There is no noticeable floral scent. Found in moist to slightly dry conditions, and sandy soil.
Primary Flower Color: Blue/Purple
Secondary Flower Color: White