Cichorium intybus

Common Names: Chicory, blue daisy, blue dandelion, blue sailors, blue weed, bunk, coffeeweed, cornflower, hendibeh, horseweed, ragged sailors, succory, wild bachelor's buttons, wild endive
Category: Plants
Sub-category: Aster family

As a cultivated species, common names for varieties of Cichorium intybus var. foliosum include endive, radicchio, radichetta, Belgian endive, French endive, red endive, sugarloaf, and witloof. When flowering, chicory has a tough, grooved, and more or less hairy stem, from 10 to 40 inches tall. The leaves are stalked, lanceolate and unlobed. The flower heads are 0.79 to 1.6 inches wide, and usually bright blue, rarely white or pink. There are two rows of involucral bracts; the inner are longer and erect, the outer are shorter and spreading. The achenes have no pappus (feathery hairs), but do have toothed scales on top.

Found growing near roadsides, waste areas and fields. It flowers from July until October.

Primary Flower Color: Blue/Purple
Secondary Flower Color: White
Edible Notes: Various varieties are cultivated for salad leaves, known as endive and radicchio, or for the roots, which are baked, ground, and used as a coffee substitute and additive. Wild chicory leaves are usually bitter and unpleasant. By cooking and discarding the water the bitterness is reduced, after which the chicory leaves may be sauteed with other ingredients.
Warnings: Not known to be dangerous.