Trees

Trees are a perennial wood plant which typically has many secondary branches supported and lifted clear off the ground by a central main stem or trunk. The insides of trees contain woody tissues for strength and vascular tissue to carry nutrients from one part of the tree to another. Most trees are surrounded by a layer of bark which serves as a protection barrier. Below the ground, roots branch and spread out widely, serving to anchor the tree in place as well as extract moisture and nutrients from its environment. Trees typically bear leaves (or needles) which contain chlorophyll and convert energy from sunlight, as is typical of most plants.

Trees are used by humans in many ways, but mostly as a food source from the fruits they bear, as well for building materials from lumber. The sap or resin from trees is also processed and used to make various chemical preservatives, such as varnishes. Dried lumber and tree branches are also used as fuel for making fire, which provides for warmth and cooking. Even the bark of certain tree species is used, for example the spice cinnamon is made from the bark of the cinnamon tree, and the medicine, aspirin, is made from the bark of the willow tree.

Connecticut, like other parts of New England, is famous for our deciduous tree forests, especially in the autumn, when the leaves turn a variety of colors including bright yellows, reds and oranges. Maple syrup, made from the sap of maple trees is also a local favorite and used as a topping for pancakes and waffles in most of the United States. Connecticut also has an abundance of fruit trees and orchards, and apple picking is a favorite autumn activity.

Latin Name
Acer palmatum
Acer pensylvanicum
Acer rubrum
Acer saccharum
Ailanthus altissima
Albizia julibrissin
Betula alleghaniensis
Betula lenta
Betula nigra
Betula papyrifera
Carya ovata
Carya tomentosa
Catalpa speciosa
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Cercis canadensis
Chamaecyparis obtusa
Chamaecyparis pisifera
Cornus florida
Cornus kousa
Cotinus coggygria
Elaeagnus umbellata
Fagus grandifolia
Fagus sylvatica
Gleditsia triacanthos
Hamamelis virginiana
Ilex opaca
Juglans cinerea
Juglans nigra
Juniperus virginiana
Liquidambar styraciflua
Liriodendron tulipifera
Magnolia × soulangeana
Magnolia stellata
Malus
Morus rubra
Ostrya virginiana
Picea abies
Picea pungens
Pinus rigida
Pinus strobus
Platanus occidentalis
Prunus serotina
Prunus serrulata
Quercus alba
Quercus coccinea
Quercus montana
Quercus rubra
Quercus velutina
Rhus glabra
Rhus typhina
Salix discolor
Sassafras albidum
Viburnum plicatum
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