Common Names: Early meadow-rue, quicksilver-weed
Sub-category: Buttercup family
Grows from 30 to 80 cm tall, from upright caudex, with yellow-gold colored - thick fibrous roots. In early spring plants grow, producing glabrous or glandular leaves. Both basal and cauline leaves are produced that have long petioles. Leaf blades are 1 to 4x-ternately compound with leaflets reniform or cordate to obovate or orbiculate in shape. The leaflets are 10 to 45 mm wide with lobed margins often crenate, and the undersides are normally glabrous or glandular. Inflorescences are panicles or corymbs produced terminally and axillary with many flowered branches. The flowers have no petals but have greenish colored, 1.8 to 4mm long sepals sometimes tinted purple. The sepals are ovate to obovate or oval in shape. On male plants, the flower filaments are the most showy part of the hanging flowers, being yellow to greenish yellow in color and 3.5 to 5.5 mm long. The filaments end in anthers 2 to 4 mm long that are mucronate to acuminate in shape with purple colored stigma. Each flower that is fertilized, typically produces 7 to 13 achenes that are not reflexed and sessile or nearly so in tight clusters. The achenes are ovoid to ellipsoid in shape and not laterally compressed, 3.5 to 5 mm long, glabrous, very strongly veined, with 1.5 to 3mm long beaks.
Found in the woods, this flower blooms in the early spring.
Primary Flower Color: Green
Secondary Flower Color: Yellow