Solanum dulcamara


Common Names: Bittersweet nightshade, bittersweet, bitter nightshade, blue bindweed, Amara Dulcis, climbing nightshade, fellenwort, felonwood, poisonberry, poisonflower, scarlet berry, snakeberry, trailing bittersweet, trailing nightshade, violet bloom, woody nightshade
Category: Plants
Sub-category: Nightshades

It is an invasive species in North America. It is a semi-woody herbaceous perennial vine, which scrambles over other plants, capable of reaching a height of 4 m where suitable support is available, but more often 1 to 2 meters high. The leaves are 4 to 12 cm long, roughly arrowhead-shaped, and often lobed at the base. The flowers are in loose clusters of 3 to 20, 1 to 1.5 cm across, star-shaped, with five purple petals and yellow stamens and style pointing forward. The fruit is an ovoid red berry about 1 cm long, soft and juicy, with the aspect and odor of a tiny tomato, and edible for some birds, which disperse the seeds widely.

It occurs in a very wide range of habitats, from woodlands to scrubland, hedges and marshes.

Primary Flower Color: Blue/Purple
Secondary Flower Color: Yellow
 
Edible Notes: Some sources have suggested that the very ripe (red) berries (not including the seeds) may be edible, however most other sources suggest otherwise. In all cases, I wouldn't eat one of the berries even if I was starving to death. This plant is very toxic.
Warnings: The berry is poisonous to humans and livestock, and the berry's attractive and familiar look make it dangerous for children. (The berries vary in color and look like a bunch of Skittles candy.) The foliage is also poisonous to humans. Although fatal human poisonings are rare, several cases have been documented. The poison is believed to be solanine.
Sightings