Common Names: Rosepink, common rose pink, bitter bloom
Sub-category: Gentianaceae family
Biennial, forming a low rosette of leaves during the 1st year, bolting into an erect plant about 1 to 2.5 inches tall during the 2nd year. The central stem is 4-angled, winged, and glabrous; it is unbranched below and oppositely branched above. Opposite leaves (up to 1.5 inches long and 1 inch across) occur along the stems; they are medium green, glabrous, smooth along their margins, and lanceolate to oval-cordate in shape. The leaves are sessile or slightly clasp the stems. The upper stems terminate in small cymes of flowers. The pedicels of these flowers are 0.5 to 1.25 inches long and glabrous. When they are fully open, individual flowers are 1 to 1.5 inches across. Each flower has a corolla with 5 petals, 5 stamens with yellow anthers, a superior ovary with a divided style, and a green calyx with 5 sepals that are linear-lanceolate. The petals are obovate in shape and vary in color from rose-pink to white; they are about twice the length of the sepals. At the center of the flower, the petal bases are yellow to greenish yellow, presenting a small 5-sided star. The margins of this star are outlined in dark rose-pink. When they are receptive to pollen, the 2 linear stigmata of the style become bright yellow.
Found in a variety of habitats, often in open areas. Blooms from mid- to late summer.
Primary Flower Color: Pink
Secondary Flower Color: White