Sub-category: Aster family
The Black-eyed Susan was designated the state flower of Maryland in 1918. Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden planting. It is an upright annual (sometimes biennial or perennial) growing 12 to 39 inches tall by 12 to 18 inches wide. It has alternate, mostly basal leaves 10 to 18 cm long, covered by coarse hair, with stout branching stems and daisy-like, composite flowers appearing in late summer and early autumn. In the species, the flowers are up to 4 inches in diameter, with yellow ray-florets circling conspicuous brown or black, dome-shaped disc-florets. Extensive breeding has produced a range of sizes and colors, including oranges, reds and browns.
Most commonly found near gardens, but it has a tendency to escape and can be found near waste areas and meadows.