Maianthemum canadense

Common Names: Canada mayflower, Canadian may-lily, false lily-of-the-valley, Canadian lily-of-the-valley, wild lily-of-the-valley, two-leaved Solomonseal
Category: Plants
Sub-category: Asparagaceae family

It grows to 10 to 25 cm tall, and has 1 to 3 leaves, with clusters of 12 to 25 starry shaped, white flowers held above the leaves. Leaves are alternate, stalkless, oval, and slightly notched at base. They are not oppressed to the stem. The plant appears in two forms, either two or three leaves growing with a fruiting stem, or a single leaf rising from the ground with no fruiting structures. The flowers have four tepals and four stamens. The fruit is a berry containing 1 to 2 round seeds that becomes red and translucent when ripe. The berries are mottled red in early summer and turn deep red in mid summer. Seed is produced infrequently and most plants in a location are vegetative clones, the plants spreading by their rhizomes, which are shallow, trailing, and white.

It can be found growing under both evergreen and deciduous trees. Blooms from late spring to mid summer.

Primary Flower Color: White
Secondary Flower Color: White
Edible Notes: No available information on edibility.
Warnings: Not known to be dangerous.