Sub-category: Holly family
It typically matures to 5 to 8 feet tall, and can spread by root suckers to form colonies. Spineless, flat, ovate to elliptic, glossy, dark green leaves (to 1.5 inches long) have smooth margins with several marginal teeth near the apex. Leaves usually remain attractive bright green in winter unless temperatures fall below 0 F. Greenish white flowers (male in cymes and female in cymes or single), but are relatively inconspicuous. If pollinated, female flowers give way to pea-sized, jet black, berry-like drupes (inkberries to 3/8 inch in diameter)
Most commonly found in sandy woods and peripheries of swamps and bogs or as a cultivated shrub in landscaping. Blooms in spring.