Common Names: Toothwort, broadleaf toothwort, crinkle root, crinkle-root, crinkleroot, pepper root, twin-leaved toothwort, twoleaf toothwort
Sub-category: Mustard family
Has four petaled flowers which bloom in a cluster on a single stalk above a single pair of toothed stem leaves each divided into three broad leaflets. After flowering, narrow seedpods appear just below the flower cluster. It grows approximately 30 cm tall.
It is found in moist woodlands usually in edge habitats. Blooms from April to June.
Edible Notes: The ground root of which is mixed with vinegar by the Algonquin people of Quebec and used as a relish. The Abenaki use it as a condiment. The Cherokee parboil and rinse the stems and leaves, add hot grease, salt & water & boiled them until they are soft as potherbs. They also use the leaves in salads, and smoke the plant. The Iroquois eat the roots raw with salt or boiled. The Ojibwa also mix the roots with salt, vinegar, or sugar and use them as a condiment. It also has a long history of medicinal use so there may be some contraindications that should be considered before attempting to consume it.
Warnings: Not known to be dangerous.