The cap is at first dome or barrel-shaped, becoming convex and flattened with age with a diameter of up to 5.9 inches. The cuticle of the cap is green, most profoundly in the center, with patches of the same color dispersed radially around the center. The gills are white, crowded together, and have an adnate attachment to the stem. The green color of the cuticle is often of variable shade, ranging from gray to verdigris to grass-green. The extent of the patching of the cuticle is also variable, giving specimens with limited patches a resemblance to other green-capped species of Russula. The green patches of the cap lie on a white to pale green background. The cap, while frequently round, may also exhibit irregular lobes and cracks.
Can be found fruiting on soil in both deciduous forests and mixed forests, forming ectomycorrhizal symbiotic relationships with a variety of trees, including oaks and European beech. Can be found in summer to early autumn.