Sub-category: Woodpeckers, Sapsuckers, & Flickers
It is a medium-sized woodpecker. They drum and give a cat-like call in spring to declare ownership of territory. Like other sapsuckers, these birds drill holes in trees and eat the sap and insects drawn to it. They may also pick insects from tree trunks or catch them in flight. They also eat fruit and berries. Measures 18 to 22 cm in length, 34 to 40 cm in wingspan. Adults are black on the back and wings with white bars; they have a black head with white lines down the side and a red forehead and crown, a yellow breast and upper belly, a white lower belly and rump and a black tail with a white central bar. Adult males have a red throat; females have a white throat.
They prefer young, mainly deciduous forests, but can be found in residential areas and back yards. They make a unique pattern of lines of holes in trees and can be identified by these holes.