Sub-category: American Sparrows, Towhees, Juncos, & Buntings
A large and striking species of sparrow. The total length ranges from 6.8 to 9.1 inches and the wingspan is 7.9 to 12 inches. Adults have rufous sides, a white belly and a long dark tail with white edges. The eyes are red. Males have a black head, upper body and tail; these parts are brown in the female. Juveniles are brown overall.
Their breeding habitat is brushy areas across eastern North America. They nest either low in bushes or on the ground under shrubs. Eastern towhees spend the majority of their time near the ground. Eastern towhees occur in many habitats, from tallgrass prairies and marshes to mature forests. However, eastern towhees are most common in early successional stands, habitat edges, and areas with similar vegetation structure throughout eastern forests.