Sub-category: American sparrows, Towhees, Juncos, & Buntings
This species has a typically sparrow-like dark-streaked brown back, and whitish underparts with brown or blackish breast and flank streaking. It has whitish crown and supercilium stripes, sometimes with some yellow (more often near the beak). The cheeks are brown and the throat white. The flight feathers are blackish-brown with light brown or white border. The eyes are dark. The feet and legs are horn-colored, as is the lower part of the bill, with the upper part being dark grey. The savannah sparrow is a very variable species, with numerous subspecies, several of which have been split as separate species at various times. The different forms vary principally in the darkness of the plumage.
These birds forage on the ground or in low bushes; particularly in winter they are also found in grazed low-growth grassland. They are typically encountered as pairs or family groups in the breeding season, and assemble in flocks for the winter migration.