Common Names: Short-billed dowitcher
Sub-category: Sandpipers & Allies
The body of adults is dark brown on top and reddish underneath. The tail has a black and white barred pattern. The legs are a yellowish color. The winter plumage is largely grey. This bird can range from 9.1 to 13 inches in length, 18 to 22 inches in wingspan. Field identification of the two American Limnodromus remains difficult today. Distinguishing wintering or juvenile short-billed dowitchers from the long-billed species is very difficult and, even given examination their subtlety different body shapes, cannot always be isolated to a particular species. They differ most substantially in vocalizations. The names of American dowitchers are misleading, as there is much overlap in their bill lengths.
This species favors a variety of habitats including tundra in the north to ponds and mudflats in the south. Their breeding habitat includes bogs, tidal marshes, mudflats or forest clearings south of the tree line in northern North America. These birds nest on the ground, usually near water. Their nests are shallow depressions in clumps of grass or moss, which are lined with fine grasses, twigs and leaves. These birds forage by probing in shallow water or on wet mud.
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