This species measures 6.3-7.7 inches in length and body mass is typically in the range of 0.92-1.4 oz. The wingspan averages 11.2 inches. Each wing measures 3.5-4.1 inches, the bill measures 0.47-0.75 inches and the tarsus is 1.1-1.28 inches. The Veery has the white-dark-white underwing pattern characteristic of Catharus thrushes. Adults are mainly light brown on the upperparts. The underparts are white; the breast is lighter brown with dark spots. They have pink legs; their eye ring is indistinct. Birds in the east are more cinnamon on the upperparts; western birds are more olive-brown. In the east, the Veery is distinguished easily by its coloration whereas distinguishing western Veerys from other Catharus thrushes is more difficult.
Their breeding habitat is humid deciduous forests. They forage on the forest floor, flipping leaves to uncover insects; they may fly up to catch insects in flight.